Data of interest


  • 10% of the income of the seed industry is invested in R&D. In strategic sectors such as fruit and vegetable growing, this percentage doubles up to 20%.
  • This is the industry that places its bets on R&D the most, over sectors such as the pharmaceutical sector, automobiles, aerospace industry, information technology, etc. In the case of winter grain, the R&D investment amounts to 24%.
  • The average cost for putting a new plant variety on the market is 1 to 1.5 million €, and it takes 10 or 12 years to do so.
  • It is expected that in 2050, 10% of the total population will be elderly. So it will be important to guarantee healthy food and a better environment. It’s no longer just a question of productivity.
  • The data from the FAO and the WHO predict a population growth in 2050 of 7 to 9 billion inhabitants, which would lead to a need for an estimated increase of 70% in production 70%.
  • In the last 20 years, most of the increases in productivity is coming from the incorporation of new varieties into the market and plant improvement.
  • The seed industry in Europe moves about 6.8 billion euros and involves a total of 7200 companies of different sizes.
  • In the EU, 50,000 people work in the seed sector, a quarter of them in improvement and research.
  • The Spanish seed market reaches 585 million euros, making it the 5th largest in Europe, and the 13th largest in the world.
  • The volume of royalties for the production of protected cereal varieties in Spain has amounted to an annual average over the last 10 years of 4.1 million Euro compared to 50.7 million Euro in France, 35 in Germany and 26.1 in England.
  • Europe is the leading exporter of seeds worldwide.
  • The European seed market is 7 billion euros. 39% cereals and legumes, 26% corn, 14% potato seeds, 11% vegetables.
  • The improvement of winter grain plants represents an annual increase of income for the Spanish economy of 275 million euros.
  • Current legislation regulating the seed market is complex. There are twelve directives that have been transposed in turn to 27 member nations. This model prevents proper harmonisation and generates obstacles that prevent there from being a single seed market.