Sustainable agriculture is the first step towards sustainable development and seeks to maintain Biodiversity through a mix of innovation and traditional knowledge.
The sustainability of an agricultural system cannot be assessed without considering the society in which it operates and the number of people who have to be fed and clothed. In addition, production must be achieved without long-term negative impact on the environment and the health of the population.
- In developed countries, where agricultural productivity is high, the objective is to reduce the impact of agriculture on the cultivated area and maintain farmers’ incomes.
- In developing countries, the most worrying issue is population growth, since according to FAO estimates, by 2050 the planet will have a population of more than 9 billion people.
In the coming years the area of arable land per capita will decrease, water shortages will increase and each farmer will have to feed more people. Therefore, there will be a need to increase yields.
An increase in agricultural productivity that allows for the conservation of forest areas will limit soil erosion, maintain the level of fertile soil and stabilize yields. Biodiversity and the quality of air and water will therefore be preserved.
The improvement of varieties also helps to reduce the cost of production per ton, which entails reducing farmers’ expenses and improving rural economies.
Evolution of the population according to the UN