What is a plant variety?

DEFINITION OF THE UPOV CONVENTION

As defined in the 1991 UPOV (International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants) Convention:

A variety is: “A group of plants of a single botanical taxon of the lowest known rank which, irrespective of whether or not it fully meets the conditions for the granting of a breeder’s right, can:

  • Be defined by the expression of characteristics resulting from a certain genotype or combination of genotypes.
  • Be distinguished from any other group of plants by the expression of at least one of those characteristics.
  • Be considered as a unit, given its ability to propagate unaltered.

The start of the food chain and other chains of consumption is the seed. Traditionally, it tends to be forgotten and people start to talk about the plant and the product obtained, but before that there is an indispensable phase that involves the seed, the only indispensable input for the sustenance of the chain of consumption as we understand it, secure and diverse.

The seed has a value that is still not given enough significance, not only for farmers, but especially for consumers and for society in general.