DEFINITION OF THE UPOV CONVENTION
As defined in the 1991 UPOV (International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants) Convention:
A variety is: “a plant grouping within a single botanical taxon of the lowest known rank, which grouping, irrespective of whether the conditions for the grant of a breeder’s right are fully met, can be
- by the expression of the characteristics resulting from a given genotype or combination of genotypes,
- distinguished from any other plant grouping by the expression of at least one of the said characteristics and
- considered as a unit with regard to its suitability for being propagated unchanged.
The start of the food chain and other consumption chains is the seed. Traditionally, it tends to be forgotten and the chain conceived from plants and products obtained therefrom, but before that there is an indispensable phase that involves the seed, the only indispensable input for the sustenance of the food chain as we understand it, secure and diverse.
The seed has a value that is still not given enough significance, not only for farmers, but especially for consumers and for society in general.